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What’s an allergy?

An allergy is an exaggerated reaction of the immune system in response to exposure to allergens. The immune system is the body's defense mechanism and discriminates between good substances and harmful substances.

The harmful substances are called antigens. Whenever the immune system identifies an antigen in the body, it produces antibodies (immunoglobulin IgG, IgM and IgA ) to fight against it.

Allergens are special types of antigens that cause allergic reactions. These could be cat dander or pet dander, pollens, dust mites, molds, animal proteins, insect toxins, food stuff and many more. Medications, such as Sulpha and Penicillin could also produce allergic reactions.

When a non allergic individual comes in contact with these allergens, the body perceives the allergen as harmless and there is no allergic response. On the other hand, an allergic person develops a specific type of antibody called immunoglobulin E, or IgE, in response to these allergens. IgE causes certain cells in the body to release chemicals such as histamine. This causes symptoms of allergy, such as:

  • Itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin, or any area
  • Problems with smell
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Teary eyes

You can develop allergy at any age, right from their infant days to adulthood. You might not be previously allergic to some substances. But, over a period of time, due to unknown reasons, an immune system starts to identify them as allergens and develops antibodies towards them.

An individual can exhibit allergy to single or multiple allergens. An allergy could be:

  • Contact
  • Seasonal
  • Perennial
Common Causes of Allergy

Environmental allergens: These are the most common allergens and would include dust and dust mites, mold spores, animal dander and pollen from grass; ragweed, parthenium and trees.

Genetics: Heredity seems to play an important role in allergic diseases. If both your parents suffer from allergy, the child has 50% chances of developing the same. Children with one allergic parent have a 33% chance of developing allergies; with two allergic parents, it's a 70% chance.

Stress: When a person is stressed, the body releases hormones and other chemicals, including histamine. Histamine leads to allergy symptoms. While stress doesn't actually cause allergies, it can make an allergic reaction worse by increasing the histamine in your bloodstream.

Food: Reactions to chemical components of the diet are more common than true food allergies. They are caused by various organic chemicals occurring naturally in a wide variety of food items, both of animal and vegetable origin, more than, food additives, preservatives, colouring and flavouring.

Types of Allergic Manifestations

Respiratory allergies: These are triggered by air allergens such as mites, dust, animal dander moulds and pollen. Sometimes it could also be induced by strong chemicals, perfumes, fumes, smoke and much more. Food additives, stress and certain medications could also serve as a trigger to these allergic episodes.

These include:

Allergic Rhinitis: It is the most common respiratory disorder in most countries of the world. It is estimated that 600 million people suffer from this condition. ISAAC study reports prevalence up to 40%. 80% of children with bronchial asthma have associated allergic rhinitis and 30% of children with allergic rhinitis develop asthma, later. Reports from India shows that 1 out of every 6 person has allergic rhinitis.

Symptoms of include: itchy nose, runny nose, sneezing, nose block, red itchy and watery eyes.

Asthma: Approximately 300 million individuals are currently suffering from asthma worldwide and 10 per cent of it i.e. 30 million in India. The prevalence of asthma is estimated to range from 3 to 38 per cent in children and from 2 to 12 per cent in adults.

Symptoms include: breathlessness on exertion, chest tightness, dry cough, nocturnal cough, wheezing.

Allergic Bronchitis: Crude estimates suggest there are 30 million chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in India.

Symptoms of include: shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, cough and increased mucus production.

Eye Allergy: It is triggered by exposure to allergens such as dust mites, pet dander, pollens and mold spores.

Symptoms include: red, itchy and watery eyes with or without swelling .It could also be associated with allergic rhinitis.

Skin Allergies: They are triggered by contact with substances such as metals, leather, irritants and chemicals present in cosmetics and hair dyes/ colours. In some people exposure to sunlight would trigger an allergic response on the skin. The other allergens include food preservatives and additives, nuts and animal proteins. The most commonly encountered skin allergies are:

  • Atopic Dermatitis: Usually seen in young infants , this condition is also encountered in some adults with atopic tendencies- allergic tendencies .Various studies done in India have reported the incidence to be 0.01% to as high as 28.46%from different parts of the country. The skin is sensitive to allergens and manifests as dryness, itchiness, redness, tiny blisters, crusting and scaling and hyper pigmentation. This could be associated with seasonal allergies and asthma.
  • Contact Dermatitis: It is a localized patch of skin irritation caused by exposure to allergens such as metals or irritants such as dyes .It could present as burning and itchy rashes on the skin at the site of contact.
  • Photo Dermatitis: This is an allergic reaction of the skin to the UV rays .It may manifest as redness, itching, burning of the skin in the sun exposed areas .There may be bumps or blisters, darkening of the skin. Long term effects would be thickening and scarring of the skin.
  • Urticaria: These are also called as hives and would present as red or pale wheals with itching. These could be triggered by food items, heat, cold, stress, dust, external contact with allergens.

Food Allergies: This is an adverse reaction to the proteins in the food. It would cause symptoms such as hives, itching and swelling of the mouth, lips, stomach pain, loose motions, difficulty in swallowing, runny nose, wheezing, fainting and in severe cases death. Common food allergens are nuts, egg, milk, peaches, soy certain fish and shell fish.

Food Allergy Chart

Insect bite Allergies : Most of the people are not allergic to insect bites. But few people develop severe allergic reactions to bites of insects such as honey bee, wasp, red ant and more. Symptoms of an insect bite allergy could range from mild to severe and include itching, hives, flushing of the skin, tingling or itching inside the mouth, and nausea or vomiting. Severe allergic reaction would include symptoms such as difficulty breathing, swallowing, hoarseness, swelling of the tongue, dizziness and fainting .This could be life threatening.

Medicine Allergy: Most common drugs that cause allergy are penicillin and similar antibiotics, sulpha drugs and many more. Symptoms of a drug allergy can range from mild to life-threatening. A drug allergy could cause symptoms like hives, skin rash, itchy skin or eyes, congestion, and swelling in the mouth and throat.

Anaphylaxis: It is severe reaction to allergens. Symptoms would include difficulty breathing, blueness of the skin, dizziness, fainting, anxiety, confusion, rapid pulse, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal problems and death.

Know you Allergy Type

Allergy History Questionnaire (With suggestive Feedback)

The conventional approach for the treatment of allergy is to identify and avoid the allergens. Although this would help to a certain extent; it is not possible to avoid the allergens, all the time. For the symptomatic relief they prescribe antihistamines and steroids. These cannot be taken regularly due to their habit forming nature and side effects. For more severe allergies, there is immunotherapy which involves regular injections of small amounts of the relevant allergen(s) in the body. This would lead to a gradual desensitization of the body to the allergens.

A study of 200 patients suffering from hypersensitivity illnesses, including asthma, eczema, urticaria, hay fever and other allergies, showed that homeopathy was at least as effective as conventional treatment. The study took in to account the everyday practice experience of general practitioners and the classical homoeopaths.

  • Where most patients who were treated by medical doctors experienced an aggravation of their symptoms when stopping conventional drugs, only 1/3 of patients in the homeopathy group experienced such an aggravation.
  • Only one patient on conventional treatment experienced improvement of symptoms after stopping medication, compared to improvement in 2/3 of homeopathy patients.
  • Patients in the homeopathy group reported a larger improvement in their general state of health, with 57% improving, compared to 24% in the conventional group
  • Homeopathy patients also experienced more positive change in their psychological state. 53% patients in the homeopathy group showed improved quality of life, compared to 15 % in the conventional group.
Salient Features — Homoeopathy Treatment at Dr. Batra’s
  • 94% Success Rate in homoeopathy treatment of allergy
  • Spot Allergy Test Kit from London to know your Allergy type
  • Customized Homoeopathic solutions to specific Airborne Allergies
  • Builds overall immunity

Respiratory & Allergy Segment: Success Rate

Dr. Batra’s Homoeopathy Treatment for Allergy

Homoeopathy treats allergies safely and effectively. At Dr. Batra’s, we follow a holistic treatment approach for both acute seasonal and chronic allergies of all types. We believe that the allergy symptoms our patient experiences are not a disease in themselves, but a result of underlying imbalance in the defense mechanism. Hence, it is not correct to suppress this expression of allergy.

A deeper approach is required to correct this altered sensitivity. We prescribe a homoeopathic medicine which is based on a detailed analysis of patient’s personality, allergy modalities, reactions to external influences of food, weather, likes and dislikes, significant past events in his personal and family history, such as accidents, emotional trauma, and serious disease, if any.

Homoeopathy medicines are unique to the patient and no two patients with similar allergies get the same homoeopathic medicine. Such a medicine helps to desensitize the patient to the particular allergen and hence offer, long lasting results.

Physical examination may provide tangible clues, along with certain skin tests, such as needle prick, or scratch, to confirm diagnosis. If there is an allergy, a hive which is a swollen, reddened area, may emerge within 20 – 25 minutes.

Innovation at Dr. Batra’s

In our constant endeavor to provide the best of services to our patients at Dr. Batra’s, we are introducing for the 1st time in India, Spot Allergy Testing Kit from London.

  • Testing kit uses a novel patented technology for accurate and sensitive detection of low concentrations of specific ‘allergy antibodies’ (known as IgE).
  • It helps to identify the trigger causing an allergic reaction from a very small blood sample and is useful to diagnose allergy to the three most common airborne allergens (cat, dust mite and grass pollen).The test results are as accurate and reliable as those from a pathological lab.

Once the doctor identifies the type of allergy, it helps for in better management of the case.

We are also introducing Digital PEFR machine. It is a recognized tool in asthma management and is designed to monitor asthma and COPD progress.

  • The peak flow meter measures how fast air comes out of the lungs when you exhale forcefully after inhaling fully. This is called a 'peak expiratory flow' or 'PEF'.
  • Digital PEFR machine accurately measures and stores peak flow data. This data can be retrieved and downloaded to a PC. The values compared before treatment and during each follow up .This would help to detect early changes in asthma that may require treatment and help to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment.
Digital PEFR
Will analyze the reading
In built memory maintains the record
Graphical representation is available
Print report can be obtained

How do I relieve my sudden symptoms of stuffy and blocked nose? Questions pondering on your mind!

Such allergy is extremely frustrating in the middle of your urgent work schedule. You’re wondering if taking medication on regular basis would be detrimental to health even though it is relieving—flu-like symptoms. Experience the holistic treatment for your allergy with homoeopathy!

For Complimentary advice call 800 Batras (228727)

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